Certain factors within a community’s environment can impact the health of the community. “A geopolitical place consists of community boundaries, transportation infrastructure, geographic features, climate, vegetation, animals, and human-made homes and facilities” (Populations As Clients 2018). This information is then used in epidemiologic studies as part of the community assessment.
“Phenomenological place is a relational or psychological location rather than a geographical location. A phenomenological place centers on history, culture, economics, education, spiritual beliefs, values, common characteristics, or similar goals” (Populations As Clients 2018).
“Geopolitical and phenomenological place aid in the development of geographical, political, and psychosocial context that guides population assessment” (Populations As Clients 2018).
The nursing process is used to develop interventions for the community to promote health. The nurse collects/gather the date and analysis and then determines strengths, weaknesses, threats, diagnosis, and from there measurable outcomes can be determined. Interventions can then be put in place and evaluation of outcomes can be done. This is done in cooperation with community stakeholders.
Populations As Clients. (2018). Retrieved September 02, 2020, from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/
eopolitical place consists of community boundaries, transportation infrastructure, geographic features, climate, vegetation, animals, and human-made homes and facilities while a phenomenological place centers on history, culture, economics, education, spiritual beliefs, values, common characteristics, or similar goals (Green, 2018). These helps the community nurse to assess the community needs for example if they have bad roads, the kind of diseases that are endemic in the community, how favorable their climate is to the community, how healthy their culture is, their economic status which includes the poverty rate and how is affecting the individuals and community and provide appropriate interventions for the individuals and families in the community.
the nurse uses nursing process which includes assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation and evaluation, the first step is assessment which includes subjective and objective information, the nurse analyzes the findings, then based on the findings, the nurse identifies needs and refer the issues that are beyond primary health services to secondary or tertiary health services, the nurse should also prioritize outcomes, plan intervention, implement interventions and evaluate the intervention outcomes. The process may take weeks or months and may halt the prioritization of needs while funding and resources, such as people, assemble (Green, 2018).
Green, S. (2018). Development of Public Health Nursing Role. In Grand Crayon University (Ed). Populations as Clients. Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs427vn/community-and-public-health-the-future-of-health-care/v1.1/#/chapter/1